Aftershave is usually found in splash on form rather than spray, which makes it easier to apply to the face. It is a fragrance containing a small percentage of alcohol which closes the pores and stimulates the skin so is perfect for the face. It lasts approximately 3 hours.
Anosmia is the total, or partial, loss of your sense of smell.
Aroma chemicals are volatile molecules that are obtained from naturally sourced products, or synthetically created, that have their own aroma.
Also known as the heart or middle notes of the fragrance: this is the perfume’s dominant scent.
Include shower gels, body lotions, balms, soaps and talcs developed to smell exactly like the perfume to allow for layering.
Civet is an animalistic scented musk that is extracted from the odorous sacs of a civet (an exotic cat), but now commonly replicated with a synthetic counterpart for ethical reasons.
Fresh and fruity, bursting with crisp and zesty essences like lemons, limes and oranges.
A cologne, or Eau de Cologne as it is also known, is a lighter concentration of fragrance which contains around 2-5% essential oils. Male fragrances are commonly referred to as ‘colognes’, but it may not always be the case. You can expect your cologne to last around 2 hours once applied to the skin.
Eau de cologne (EDC)
Eau de cologne is a weaker concentration of a fragrance containing around 2-5% essential oils. Also know as just ‘cologne’.
Eau de parfum (EDP)
A popular strength of fragrance, an Eau de Parfum is stronger than an Eau de Toilette and Cologne and typically contains around 15% essential oil. An Eau de Parfum will last longer on your skin then an EDT or EDC.
Eau de Toilette (EDT)
An Eau de Toilette is a particular strength of fragrance. It typically contains around 10% essential oils, which is more than an Eau de Cologne but not as strong as an Eau de Parfum or Parfum. It is a popular choice for both men and women for day to day wear.
Enfleurage is the process of extraction of essential oils and perfumes from flowers using odourless animal or vegetable fats that are solid at room temperature to capture the fragrant compounds.
Essential oils are compounds extracted from plants through distillation, such as steaming or cold pressing, which carry the scent of the plant or other natural source it has been taken from. Common essential oils found in perfume include rose, jasmine, neroli and sandalwood.
Eugenol is a warm and spicy perfume ingredient found predominantly in clove essential oil but also in allspice, bay, cinnamon, patchouli and pimento.
Factice is a display bottle of perfume used in stores for display and visual purposes only.
Flower based perfumes. The height of femininity with flowers such as roses, lily of the valley or blossom accords.
The fragrance families are Citrus, Fruity, Woody, Fresh, Floral; each perfume belongs to a fragrance family.
Split into three categories: top or head, middle or heart and base, fragrance notes are descriptors of a scent that can be identified upon application of the perfume.
Full of ripe, fresh edible fruit notes.
Gourmand in perfume
Gourmand is a perfume consisting of primarily synthetic edible notes including honey, chocolate, vanilla or candy. Notes that smell good enough to eat!
Using various different scented products to build up layers of scent e.g. shower gel, then deodorant, then body lotion then perfume. Layering makes a fragrance last longer as it adds another 'layer' of scent to the skin.
Maceration is a method of extracting essential oils from flowers by soaking them in warm fats. The essential oils, derived from the grease and fat, are then dissolved in alcohol so the extract of floral oil can be obtained.
Microencapsulation is a complex method that involves protecting particles of natural ingredients and scents inside natural or synthetic shells in order to protect them from the environment.
Neroli oil is a popular essential oil that is produced from the blossom of the bitter orange tree which has a sweet, honeyed scent with hints of green and spice.
This terms has been borrowed by the fragrance industry from music and describes the individual ingredients (notes) that make up a whole fragrance (top note, middle note, base note).
Oakmoss is the precious essence that comes from lichen which grows on oak trees across Europe that has a bitter-smelling forest floor scent.
Odour is the characteristics of a substance that activates the olfactory system or our sense of smell. More often than not, the scent being referred to is unpleasant.
Olfaction relates to our sense of smell.
The olfactory bulb is located near the front of the brain and is an essential structure in your olfactory system. It is the first system to receive neural input about odours detected in the nasal cavity.
The olfactory epithelium are layers of sensory cells that sit on each side of the upper-rear portion of the nose that are involved with the process of smell.
Parfum is the most concentrated and luxurious of all the fragrance options. A parfum will generally have between 20-30% essential oil content and can last on the skin all day with just one application.
Pheromones are chemical substances that are released by animals to attract another member of their species. The jury is still out on whether or not humans have the same ability, but there’s no denying scent and pheromone perfumes can play a part in why we’re drawn to somebody.
Pure perfume is usually found in dab on form as you only need to apply a small amount. Depending on your skin type pure perfume can last for up to 6 hours as it has the highest concentration of perfume oil in it. Pure perfumes are only made in certain brands.
Rhizomes are modified stems that grow under or along the ground. They are considered ‘invasion’ plants due to the aggressive way they shoot new stems from their nodes, but precious perfume ingredients such as Orris Absolute come from rhizomes.
Warm and punchy, enhanced with exotic spices such as clove oil, cinnamon, ginger and lavender.
Synthetic fragrances are perfume ingredients that are created in a laboratory using synthetic organic chemistry rather than being extracted from a natural source.
A tincture is an extract of a plant or animal material which is dissolved in ethanol (alcohol).
Tonality is the dominant note or theme of a fragrance.
Warm, earthy and dry containing mossy and leathery notes.
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